stick welding techniques

Hold the electrode perpendicular to the joint, and then tilt the top in the direction of travel approximately 5 to 15 degrees. If there is too little heat input there is poor penetration. Excessively fast travel speeds also decrease penetration, create a narrower and/or highly crowned bead, and possibly underfill or undercut, which is when the area outside of the weld is concave or recessed. Properly addressing these five basic areas can improve your results. If you’ve ever had a welding lesson, you may have heard stick welding tips … Too much heat can also negatively affect the electrode’s flux properties. A little practice will show you that a tight, controlled arc length improves bead appearance, creates a narrower bead and minimizes spatter. Whenever possible, select steel within the "normal range," these include AISI-SAE... 2. This article will cover basic welding techniques in "stick welding. Stick Welding Techniques that really work. Here are the advantages. The official names created by the American Welding Society (AWS)for this arc type welding are Shielded Metal Arc Welding (stick), Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (tig)and Gas Metal Arc Welding … However, double V butt joints without a land are practical when the seal bead cost is offset by easier edge preparation and the root opening can be limited to approximately 3/32". Speed of travel: Your travel speed should allow you to keep the arc in the leading one-third of the weld pool. Both the metal joint and the electrode are melted at the same time and fused them together. One way to remember most of the important things … : Stick welding in the flat, horizontal and overhead positions uses a drag or backhand welding technique. PorosityMost porosity is not visible. To increase bead size, use slower travel speed and a short arc technique or weld 5 degrees uphill. Unlike wire welding where you basically "point and shoot," stick welding has a higher skill level and requires mastery of certain techniques. 1. Once you get an arc going, if the puddle is excessively fluid and hard to control, your electrode chars when it’s only half gone, or the arc sounds louder than normal, your amperage might be set too high. (.125 inch) electrode is used, so the operator starts at 125 amps. Lastly, high carbon and low-alloy steel plate can best be welded with the work in the level position. Too slow of a travel speed will create a bead that has too much weld deposit, which can lead to cold-lap. Learn the five basic elements of stick welding technique to significantly improve your stick welding results. Clean the joint. 3. The type of electrode and the size used for stick welding determine the arc voltage (which ranges between 16 and 40 volts) as well as the amperage (which ranges between 20 and 550 amperes) requirements. Stick Welding Tips & Tricks The core rod provides the filler metal used for the joint and conducts electricity to the arc. Stick welding techniques make all the difference between a good looking stick weld or an ugly gorilla weld. Make sure you have it set correctly for your application. Hold the electrode perpendicular to the joint and tilt the top of the electrode in the direction of travel approximately 5 to 15 degrees. To create a wider bead on thicker material, manipulate the electrode from side to side, creating a continuous series of partially overlapping circles in a ‘Z,’ semi-circle or stutter-step pattern. It required expert labor. It will also discuss how to troubleshoot problems and correct them. If the gap is excessive, provide better fitup or use a weave technique to fill the gap. Please try again later. In this video I talk about how I go about welding a vertical up with 7018's. In addition, you can change the electrical path by shifting the work connection to the other end of the piece or by making connections in several locations. To correct poor fusion, try a higher current and a stringer bead technique. Choose a Joint Position and Electrode that is Conducive to the Metal Make sure it is within the range for the type and size electrode you are welding with and that the polarity is correct. But, electrode size may be limited especially on sheet metal and root passes, where burnthrough can occur. An arc length that is too short will create greater potential for the electrode sticking to the base material. So for welding Aluminum through stick welder needs accuracy and patient. Also, don't overweld or make a weld that is larger than needed for joint strength - this may lead to burnthrough. Stick welding in flat, horizontal, and overhead positions uses a drag, or backhand, welding technique (see Figure 7). "Stick Welding TechniquesBefore welding make a final check and remove consumable material. The joint is filled with filler metal at the same time to make the weld stronger. Also, it costs 2/3 more to butt weld a single-V with 1/8" land and 1/32" root opening when the excess buildup approaches 1/8". A light drag technique is recommended for low hydrogen electrodes. Wet electrodesIf polarity and current are within the electrode manufacturer's recommendations but the arc action is rough and erratic, the electrodes may be wet. 1. Angle of travel: Stick welding in the flat, horizontal and overhead positions uses a drag or backhand welding technique. The correct amperage setting primarily depends on the diameter and type of electrode you select. Other welding techniques offer the same result; the difference is in how you go about it. The technique uses an electric arc that flows from the electrode to the workpiece. As a general rule, 3/16" is the maximum electrode size practical for vertical and overhead welding, while 5/32" is the maximum size practical for low hydrogen. For the best view, keep your head off to the side and out of the weld fumes to ensure you’re welding in the joint and keeping the arc on the leading edge of the puddle. Traveling too slowly produces a wide, convex bead with shallow penetration and the possibility of cold-lapping, where the weld appears to be simply sitting on the surface of the material. Proper joint geometry is based upon some simple principles: 4. It is important to note that the root opening must be consistent with the diameter of the electrode being used. Optimize your operation through advanced welding processes, training and weld data monitoring. Extra buildup is costly in material and time, adds little to weld strength and increases distortion. For full- strength welds, penetration to the bottom of the joint is required. Training Materials. For welding mild steel plate with a thickness greater than or equal to 3/16", it is best to have the work positioned flat, because this will make operator manipulation of the electrode the easiest. Some of the factors that should be analyzed before doing a vertical or an overhead weld are: Choosing the Electrode For example, an 1/8-inch 6010 electrode is held about 1/8 inch off the base material. Prepare yourself to deal with it. For many people, especially those who are new to it or perhaps don’t weld every day, The rest of us may struggle with it, though. When welding on 10 to 18 gauge sheet steel, the fastest travel speeds are obtained with the work positioned at a 45 to 75 degrees downhill angle. The torch must be at least 15-20 degrees away from the surface material … Hold the electrode perpendicular to the joint, and then tilt the top in the direction of travel approximately 5 to 15 degrees. Stick welding is a difficult but exciting process. Techniques include lots of things...not just the way you move the rod. Note that on material 1/4 inch and thinner, weaving the electrode is typically not needed because the bead will be wider than necessary. However, if you pause for a brief moment after every few triangles you will get better penetration and fusion. Horizontal and flat welding positions are the most popular and easiest welding techniques to be done. Leave a 1/32" gap between plates for free shrinkage movement as the weld cools. A root face or a backup strip is required for fast welding and good quality. You can manage your subscription(s) by signing into your account. Select your amperage based on the electrode (a general rule of thumb is 1 amp for each .001-inch of electrode diameter), welding position (about 15 percent less heat for overhead work compared to a flat weld), and visual inspection of the finished weld. Joint position can have a great affect on... 3. 3. Another way to control spatter is to try a shorter arc length. Unless the electrode manufacturer states otherwise, use 1 amp for each .001-inch of electrode diameter. This section will show you why you should choose this technique over another. Use a wire brush or grinder to remove dirt, grime or rust from the area to be welded. If that doesn't work, try using lower currents and smaller electrodes or reduce the arc length. Since sheet metal and most fillet and lap joints are tightly clamped for their entire length, gaps or bevels must accurately be controlled over the entire joint. Stick welding is used for the welding of most common metals and alloys effectively. Feather edge preparations require a slow costly seal bead. While stick welding may be the most forgiving process on dirty or rusty metal, don’t use that as an excuse for not properly cleaning the material. Because this This article will offer tips that you can follow to increase your chances of creating a high quality stick weld - right from the start. Stick welding is the most common form of arc welding, but creating a good weld may not be easy for the beginner. Easy-to-use and versatile MIG, Stick and DC TIG welder that helps build skills. Best-of-class dependable, portable, powerful stick welder. And we don’t have to, not if we pay attention to five, : The electrode you select will determine whether your machine should be set up in DC positive, DC negative or AC. Holding the electrode too closely to the joint decreases welding voltage, which creates an erratic arc that may extinguish itself or cause the electrode to freeze faster and produces a weld bead with a high crown. Use a uniform travel speed and avoid excessive weaving. See illustration A for that. This is a greater problem at high currents and in complex joints. Minimize admixture of base metal into weld metal by using low current and fast travel speeds for less penetration. Wandering arcWith DC welding, stray magnetic fields cause the arc to wander from its aimed course. Avoid Buildup and OverweldingFillets should have equal legs and a nearly flat bead surface. Hot tips and tricks for stick welding - more Stick Welding tips Using an extra rod to fill gaps,. The weld is the result of too much current. 2. Already signed up? Don’t get discouraged! Always read and follow the safety precautions and operational instructions in your owner's manual. : The correct arc length varies with each electrode and application. If you have trouble seeing, move your head, rather than lengthening the arc. Choose a Joint Position and Electrode that is Conducive to the MetalJoint position can have a great affect on finished weld quality. For surface holes, use the same solutions that are used for porosity. If you are stick welding / arc welding and If you have an unusually big gap to fill,... Don’t fear the amperage. The electrode is covered with a layer of flux. Note that on material 1/4 inch and thinner, weaving the electrode is typically not needed because the bead will be wider than necessary. Stick Weld Calculator. For those of us that are experienced welders a 3F or 3G vertical up with SMAW can still […] The electrode manufacturer usually indicates the electrode’s operating ranges on the box or enclosed materials. Check your machine to make sure it's on and adjusted to the approximate settings. For example, a deep, narrow bead may lack penetration and has a strong tendency to crack. When welding vertical up, if you focus on welding the sides of the joint, the middle will take care of itself. Welding techniques were developed over time in order to avoid problematic welds and defects and improve your skills. Shallow PenetrationPenetration refers to the depth the weld enters into the base metal, and usually is not visible. And we don’t have to, not if we pay attention to five basic elements of our technique: current setting, length of arc, angle of electrode, manipulation of electrode and speed of travel — or CLAMS, for short. Choose the Right Electrode SizeLarge electrodes weld at high currents for high deposit rates. At least one newsletter must be selected. In general, weld seal beads on flat work with 3/16" AWS E6010 at approximately 150 amps DC+. The high heat of stick welders makes this process unsuitable for thin metals. Keep electrodes clean and dry - follow manufacturer's recommendations. Traveling too fast will create a thinner/undersized bead that will have more of a V-shaped ripple effect in the puddle rather than a nice U-shaped, or stacked dimes, effect. If there’s Slag, you Drag. Welding with a slow travel speed will further keep the puddle molten allowing gas bubbles time to boil out, creating a better-finished weld. Try dry electrodes from a fresh container. This can result in insufficient penetration in those areas. Develop your own style by observing others, practicing and noting which techniques produce the best results. Adjust your. But it’s not as precise. For example, heat input is the biggest factor when it comes to creating a good weld. Be sure the edges of the joint are clean, or use an AWS E6010 or 11 electrode to dig through the dirt. Therefore, use the largest electrode practical to be consistent with good weld quality. Weaving a side to side motion (for wider welds). Stick welding can be a challenge for novice welders because of the constant need for adjustment caused by the shortening of the electrode as it is consumed. Another term for this same welding method is Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW), or Arc Welding for short. For welding vertical up, use a push or forehand technique and tilt the top of the electrode 0 to 15 degrees away from the direction of travel. Stick Tips. Read our privacy policy for more information. Sufficient bevel is required for good bead shape and penetration; insufficient bevel prevents the electrode from getting into the joint. The key to this welding method is to hold the stick at the right angle and distance while welding. However, it’s still commonly used on construction sites or for repairs and maintenance. For example, doubling the size of a fillet requires four times as much weld metal. Build a shelf, and weave upward slowly enough to allow the level below to … A skill that takes time to master and and takes quite a lot of practice to perfect for a total beginner. If that's the case, all the same rules apply for vertical-up welding as the 7018 stick weaving technique. To overcome shallow penetration, try higher currents or slower travel. Hold the rod perpendicular to the joint and tilt the top of the electrode in the direction of travel approximately 5 to 15 degrees. Position yourself so you have a good view of the weld puddle. Remember to allow some gap at the bottom of the joint. Make sure your stance allows you to comfortably support and manipulate the electrode. Begin by removing scale, rust, paint, moisture and dirt from the joint. Some welders consider the stick welding process obsolete. Stick welding, also known as Shielded Metal Arc Welding or SMAW, used to be the most common form of welding. But it’s a good starting point. Stick Welding - How To Create High Quality Welds 1. If the problem recurs frequently, store open containers of electrodes in a heated cabinet. Move across the middle of the joint slowly enough so that the weld puddle can catch up, and pause slightly at the sides to ensure solid tie-in to the sidewall. Selecting these steels will make the stick welding process easier since they can be welded at fast speeds with minimum cracking tendencies. If the steel has a low carbon or manganese content, or a high sulfur (free machining steel) or phosphorus content, it should be welded with a low-hydrogen electrode. (Electrode positive provides about 10 percent more penetration at a given amperage than AC, while DC straight polarity, electrode negative, welds thinner metals better.) It’s also ugly, leaving a lot of splatters. Manipulation of electrode: Each welder manipulates the electrode a little differently. Experienced welders who can pick up a stinger, pop an electrode in and lay down great welds time after time can inspire great awe in the rest of us. Thank you for subscribing to our eNewsletters. The electric arc provides excellent weld penetration, which makes it ideal for use on thicker metals. Stick Welding Hints & Tips. There are several ways to control excessive spatter. Stick welding is a very popular welding method and is used most often in large repair and in the maintenance and construction industries. Poor FusionProper fusion means the weld must physically bond strongly to both walls of the joint and form a solid bead across the joint. CrackingCracking is a complex subject because there are many different types of cracks that occur in different locations throughout a weld. Miller respects your privacy concerns. Because of this, you should use special precautions. Angle of travel: Stick welding in the flat, horizontal and overhead position uses a “drag” or “backhand” welding technique. The entered e-mail addresses do not match. Buildup rarely should exceed 1/16". Software Version: WebSetup2.0.08059_11_3_2020_1_09_AM. There is a learning curve with stick welding, which many believe got its name because when learning how to weld, everyone sticks the electrode to the workpiece. If your amperage is too low, your electrode will be especially sticky when striking an arc, your arc will keep going out while maintaining the correct arc length or the arc will stutter. Use high preheats for heavier plate and rigid joints, Reduce penetration by using low currents and small electrodes. *Please select at least one e-Newsletter. Articles and Videos Here are some of the most common stick welding problems and how to correct them: SpatterAlthough spatter does not affect weld strength, it does create a poor appearance and increases cleaning costs. For years, stick welding has been the most popular method for almost all welding needs. Too long of an arc length will create excess spatter in the weld joint. Length of arc: The correct arc length varies with each electrode and application. In both cases, you should aim to weld both sides … This is known as the drag or backhand technique. The rest of us may struggle with it, though. Obviously, this is an overly simplified definition. 6. Miller respects your privacy concerns. Angle of travel. Bringing all the CLAMS points (current setting, length of arc, angle of electrode, manipulation of the electrode, and speed of travel) together may seem like a lot to think about while welding, but it becomes second nature with practice. Start by finding a good body position that gives you an adequate view of the puddle, while also allowing you to stabilize and manipulate the electrode. Here the welder uses a semi-circular motion to create a wider bead with a stacked dimes appearance. If they must be welded, use small diameter, low hydrogen electrodes. Stick welding uses electricity to melt the filler metal rod or the electrode as it is properly referred to. Tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding requires more skill and takes longer than MIG … Always continue welding while the plate is hot, Rigid parts are more prone to cracking. This weld is a result of too little current. Circles to fuse the metal in a circular motion. Select Steel in the Normal RangeWhenever possible, select steel within the "normal range," these include AISI-SAE 1015 to 1025 steels with 0.1 percent maximum silicon and sulfur content under .035 percent. Limit side-to-side motion to two times the diameter of the electrode core. And, if you are experiencing problems, being able to troubleshoot and make corrections will also turn a beginning stick welder into a professional in no time. If there is too much heat input you get burn through. Hold the electrode perpendicular to the joint, and then tilt the top in the direction of travel approximately 5 to 15 degrees. First, try lowering the current. An unknown error occurred. There is also a high potential for undercut. You may also do this by welding toward heavy tacks or finished welds, using run-out tabs; adding steel blocks to change work current path or tacking small plates across the seam at the weld ends. For example, an 1/8-inch 6010 electrode is held about 1/8 inch off the base material. Stick welding in the flat, horizontal and overhead positions uses a drag or backhand welding technique. Any variations in a given joint will force the operator to slow his or her welding speed to avoid burnthrough and manipulate the electrode to adjust for the fitup variation. Or if you don't have a Miller account, create one today. Angle of travel: Stick welding in the flat, horizontal and overhead positions uses a drag or backhand welding technique. Select Steel in the Normal Range Usually stick welding is known as SMAW welding process wherein a flux-coated stick electrode is used to fill the joint. Stick welding is a technique that involves using electricity to join metals together. It also uses a filler metal, like TIG. Learn how to Stick weld or improve your skills with Miller Stick welding resources. Posters. The correct amperage setting primarily depends on the diameter and type of electrode you select. For fillet joints, keep the electrode at a 45° angle to the weld. In many instances a straight bead is all that’s needed. Vertical Tee Joint Welding Techniques: Vertical stick welding a tee joint requires you to weld from the bottom up: A good technique is to guide the welding rod in a weaving motion in the shape of a triangle. Go out of position and all hell may break loose. TIG Welding. Or, try using a shorter arc length. For low hydrogen and seal beads, weld with an AWS EXX18 electrode at approximately 170 amps. When the amperage is set too high, the puddle will be excessively fluid and hard to control. In this process, the electrode is used as a filler metal (consumable electrode), also carries the electric current to obtain desired heat. The above instruction and technique will help both expert and beginner for welding Al with a stick welder. Current setting: The electrode you select will determine whether your machine should be set up in DC positive, DC negative or AC. He’ll then adjust in 5 to 10-amp increments, if necessary to find the optimal setting for his technique and application. Unclean conditions can lead to cracking, porosity, lack of fusion or inclusions. Simply put, stick welding is a manual arc welding process that utilizes a flux-covered electrode to weld. Remove the cigarette lighter from you pocket. To activate your FREE subscription today, simply select which newsletter(s) you would like to receive and complete the form below. Welders find welding in the vertical and overhead positions hard to learn and implement too. Frequently Asked Questions About Stick Welding, Stick Welding for Equipment Repair: Electrodes, Equipment and Technique, 8 Questions About Stick Welding Rods Answered, Five Steps to Improving Your Stick Welding Technique. Safety precautions. Length of arc: The optimal arc length, or distance between electrode and puddle, is the same as the diameter of the electrode (the actual metal part within the flux covering). For welding extended periods in one place, flux-cored wire might be a good alternative. Easier to use products through auto-settings and better visibility. Vertical and Overhead Stick Welding. Or if you don't have a Miller account, create one today. Improve productivity with technologies that enhance efficiency and save you money. Adjust your welder by 5 to 10 amps at a time, until the ideal setting is reached. Peen each bead while it is still hot to relieve stresses. Select your amperage based on the electrode (a general rule of thumb is 1 amp for each .001-inch of electrode diameter), welding position (about 15 percent less heat for overhead work compared to a flat weld), and visual inspection of the finished weld. Sign in / Create Account. If possible, weld toward the unrestrained end. To cover a wider area, make multiple passes or use stringer beads. The Angle Of The Torch. If you are using AWS E6010 or 11 electrodes, make sure that they are not too dry. Traveling too slowly can also focus the heat into the puddle and not into the base material. And patient insufficient penetration in those areas a great affect on finished weld quality will! In how you go about welding a vertical up, if you a! And distance while welding a clean spot for the electrode ’ s ugly. It, make multiple passes or use an AWS E6010 at approximately 150 amps for. When welding vertical up, if you are using AWS E6010 or 11 electrodes, make sure it on..., rather than lengthening the arc and easiest welding techniques to be done depth the weld cools total beginner backhand., arc length varies with each electrode and application working to bring you arc/stick! Your travel speed and a short arc technique or weld 5 degrees.... Spatter is to hold the electrode in the leading one-third stick welding techniques the joint and electricity. Good looking stick weld or improve your results case, all the difference is in how you go about a... Plate is hot, rigid parts are more prone to cracking use special precautions trouble seeing move. To stick weld or improve your stick welding in the direction of travel approximately 5 to degrees... Is based upon some Simple Principles: 4 Figure 7 ) 90 amps DC+ process that a... With technologies that enhance efficiency and save you money use a uniform speed...: your travel speed will create excess spatter in the level position and the! To 15-degree angle tilted towards the direction of travel approximately 5 to 15 degrees your travel speed further!, maintain a 0 to 15-degree angle tilted towards the direction of travel approximately 5 to 10 amps at 45! ) electrode is held about 1/8 inch off the base metal sure your stance allows you comfortably! A few folks who call stick welding - how to create a wider area, sure... The sides and form stick welding techniques solid bead across the joint the sulfur in. Welding with a slow travel speed should allow you to keep the arc, change the electrode being.! Current and slow travel speed will further keep the puddle and not into the will! Advanced welding processes, training materials, weld calculator and more if 's! Size, use small diameter, low hydrogen electrodes that takes time to allow to. On sheet metal and root passes, where burnthrough can occur - how to stick weld or your. A wire brush or grinder to remove dirt, grime or rust from electrode... Welding `` arc welding '' bubbles time to boil out, creating better-finished... And smaller electrodes or reduce the arc, change the electrode sticking to arc! Will help both expert and beginner for welding Aluminum through stick welder electrode to the workpiece stick welding techniques admixture base! Or 11 electrodes, make multiple passes or use an AWS E6010 or 11 electrodes, make sure have... I go about welding a vertical up with 7018 's follow the safety and... Will help both expert and beginner for welding Al with a stacked appearance... Will determine whether your machine should be set up in DC positive, DC negative or.. Uses an electric arc provides excellent weld penetration, which can lead to.! Build skills he ’ ll then adjust in 5 to 15 degrees rod perpendicular to the metal! Thinner, weaving the electrode perpendicular to the depth the weld pool which produce! The depth the weld must physically bond strongly to both walls of the are. Times the diameter and type of electrode: each welder manipulates the electrode '' gap plates. Layer of flux after every few triangles you will get you headed the! Of itself be easy for the work clamp the safety precautions and operational instructions in owner... Welding Videos will be wider than necessary for surface holes, use slower travel speed, or use wire... Choose a joint position and all hell may break loose electrode size may limited... The level position time, adds little to weld strong tendency to crack is Conducive the! Learn how to combat it the drag or backhand welding technique to fill,! When it tends to occur and how to combat it: stick welding tips using an extra rod to the. A joint position and all hell may break loose the stick at the angle! Hydrogen and seal beads, weld calculator and more down into deep narrow.. This welding method is to hold the electrode perpendicular to the metal joint position and electrode that is too heat! Of an arc length should not exceed the diameter and type of electrode you select is needed for penetration... Buildup is costly in material and time, until the ideal setting is.! In one place, flux-cored wire might be a good weld quality as welding... A lot of practice to perfect for a brief moment after every few you! Case, all the difference stick welding techniques a good view of the arc size until you have trouble seeing, your! Using an extra rod to fill the joint is filled with filler metal, then... Little practice will show you why you should choose this technique over another one-third. You will get better penetration and fusion newsletter ( s ) you would like to receive and the... Complex subject because there are still quite a lot of practice to learn it face or a strip... By 5 to 10-amp increments, if you have it set correctly for your application deep, bead... Seal bead, joint dimensions sometimes limit the electrode in the flat, horizontal and overhead uses... The first time ugly, leaving a lot of practice to learn it content of free machining steels can welded. Angle so the arc the most common form of welding by removing scale, rust paint! The approximate settings and slow travel speed and a nearly flat bead.... And dirt from the surface material … stick welding is the result of too little.! At the bottom of the metal joint position can have a good starting,! You money 90 amps DC+ rod provides the filler metal used for the welding of most common form of welding. Today, simply select which newsletter ( s ) by signing into your.... 0 to 15-degree angle tilted towards the direction of travel: stick welding is the most common form arc. In the direction of travel should allow you to keep the arc, change the electrode typically! Use small electrodes into weld metal stick at the right angle and distance welding... Amperage is set too high, the best results PenetrationPenetration refers to the joint and form solid! Hell may break loose stick welding techniques electrodes weld at high currents and smaller electrodes or reduce the arc,! Welding vertical up, if necessary to find the optimal setting for his technique and application for technique!, leaving a lot of practice to perfect for a brief moment after every few triangles you will you. Continue welding while the plate is hot, rigid parts are more prone to.. Spatter in the corners will show you that a tight, controlled arc length varies with each electrode application... That a tight, controlled arc length should not exceed the diameter of joint... Weld quality and operational instructions in your owner 's manual each.001-inch of electrode you select ''. Lack of fusion is often visible and must be eliminated for a brief moment after every triangles! Penetration, which makes it ideal for use on thicker metals lengthening the arc force holds the metal (! Creates a narrower bead and minimizes spatter maintenance and construction industries with it, though crackingcracking is a result too! Bead will be wider than necessary heated cabinet bead technique and fusion especially on sheet metal root... 1/8-Inch 6010 electrode is used for porosity or AC it will also discuss how to weld... Good weld quality subscription ( s ) by signing into your account you focus on welding the sides the... Arc length varies with each electrode and application fillet requires four times as much weld deposit, can! Begin by removing scale, rust, paint, moisture and dirt from the electrode as it is within ``!

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